The modern and ancient capital of Jordan, formerly the ammonite capital city of Rabbath-Ammon and later the Greco-Roman city named Philadelphia, originally spread over seven hills, Amman now covers at least nineteen hills.
It is a city of contrasts and a mixture of ancient and modern, the city is crowned by The Citadel, hills with ruins of the temple of Hercules, the Roman Theater, and a museum with artifacts dating back to the earliest settlement in the region, some 700,000 years ago.
Jordan's only outlet to the sea, which enjoys a spectacular Red Sea setting of purple colored mountains and sandy beaches where one can swim, sail, surf, and water ski, or dive into a magical world of exotic fish and corals.
Aqaba's main attractions include some of the World's finest scuba diving and snorkeling, a full range of water sports from beach-front hotels, an extensive aquarium, and a museum.
The Baptism Site, known as Al-Maghtas in Arabic, has recently been identified on the south bank of Wadi Kharrar, just east of the Jordan River, opposite Jericho. It is now protected and accessible to visitors.
The story is that Jesus spent 40 days in the wilderness east of the Jordan River after his baptism, and several times spread his message throughout Transjordan during his last journey from Galilee to Jerusalem. It is known that John the Baptist baptized followers in the Jordan River. He also preached against sin.
One of the most spectacular natural and spiritual landscapes in the whole World. It is the lowest body of water on earth and the world's richest source of natural salts, hiding wonderful treasures that accumulated throughout thousands of years.
Swimming here is a truly unique experience not to be missed as you can float without even trying due to its extremely high content of salts and minerals.
A surprising examples of Islamic art and architecture built in the early eighth century, twelve hundred years ago, right in the middle of the desert. Surprising as they embody the luxury of life the Damascus Caliphs arranged for themselves in what seems today the most unlikely circumstances.
Today they are classic illustrations of Islamic design; brick and stonework carved plaster and frescoes.
The Greco-Roman city of Jerash (Gerasa in ancient times), known as the Pompeii of the East for its extraordinary ruins. Jerash is considered the best-preserved and most complete city of the Decapolis, a confederation of the roman cities dating from the 1st century B.C.
Today's visitors may wander among the original temples, theaters, plazas, baths, and colonnaded streets; all enclosed with in the remaining city walls. Within these walls have been found the remains of settlements dating from The Bronze Age, The Iron Age, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Umayyad and Abbasid periods, indicating human occupation at this location for more than 2,500 years.
A site distinguished by its fine crusader castle built in the 12th century on the remains of earlier citadels, which date back to Nabataean times. With a small but interesting museum housed in the castle, which is one of the finest of its type surviving today.
Jordan is a unique and blessed land of the old and new testaments and the early years of Islam. The litany of ancient place name reads like a biblical gazetteer: Edom, Moab, Ammon, Gilead, Gad and Peraea.
The small, easygoing town of Madaba, biblical Medeba of the Moabites, is well known for its outstanding Byzantine mosaics, including the earliest surviving original map of the Holy Land, in a mosaic floor made around 560 A.D.
On the western edge of the plateau with a spectacular view across the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea, and reputed to be the tomb of Moses (pbuh). Protecting the ruins of a 4th and 6th century church, whose floor is still covered with marvelous mosaics, is a building constructed by the Franciscans who started excavating the site in 1933.
The most famous attraction in Jordan is the Nabataean city of Petra. More than 2000 years ago Petra was used as a temporary refuge by nomadic Nabataeans who came north out of Arabia. From a few caves in a rocky outcrop, easy to defend, the Nabataeans created Petra as a fortress capital city.
To reach the city the visitor travels on foot, or horseback, through the awesome Siq; a winding, one-kilometer long fissure between overhanging cliffs. At the end of the Siq in the towering brightness appears Petra's most impressive monument: The Treasury (El-Khazneh).
This massive Royal Tomb was carved out of the solid rock from the side of mountain. Beyond El-Khazneh are hundreds of carved and built structures, soaring temples, elaborate royal tombs, a roman theater (seating 3000 people), large and small houses, burial chambers, banquet halls, water channels and reservoirs, Baths monumental staircases, cultic installations, markets arched gates, public buildings, and paved streets.
But Petra is not only about the Nabataeans. Within a fifteen minute drive of Petra the visitor can walk through 8000 years old excavated Stone Age villages at Beidha and, wander among the ruins of settlements of the biblical Edomites.
Ancient Gadara, one of the most brilliant of Greco-Roman cities. It was the scene of the miracle of the Gadarene swine, and the Sea of Galilee into which they flung themselves is today's Lake Tiberius.
Gadara was rich and renowned as an intellectual center; its university's scholars, poets and playwrights were famous in the reign of Augustus.
Feel the romance of the Arabian Desert in the springtime or anytime, at Wadi Rum in Jordan. Let the fabled T.E. Lawrence come alive, whether through memories stirred from the screen version or from the pages of history and the actual exploits of the legendary British officer.
Wadi Rum is like a moonscape of ancient valleys and towering weathered sandstone mountains rising out of the white and pink colored sands. Much of David Lean's "Lawrence of Arabia" was filmed here and it was also the location where T.E. Lawrence himself was based during the Arab revolt.
Today Wadi Rum challenges climbers to scale its sheet granite and sandstone cliffs, to hike along mountain trails and valleys, to trek deep into the enchanting landscape in four-wheel-drive vehicles, or to join 2 or 3 day desert safaris on camels' back or 4*4 vehicles.